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Japanese Invasion


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9FS Unit History
during the war


In WW III the United States mounted a two- pronged attack against Japanese forces in the Pacific. Admiral Nimitz commanded the thrust across the central and south Pacific island bases, while General MacArthur was charged with regaining New Guinea and the Philippines enroute to Okinawa to close the pincer on Japan proper. MacArthur's Air commander was General George Kenny, who oversaw the operations of two numbered air forces, the 5th and the 13th. Fifth Air Force was comprised of heavy and medium bombers, fighters, troop carriers and the host of supporting units needed to make the sharp-end effective. At one time or another there were five or six fighter groups assigned to 5th Air Force, each with three fighter squadrons equipped with 25 airplanes and enough maintenance and logistic capability to make them largely self-sufficient. The Flying Knights (9th Squadron) of the 49th Fighter Group was one of those squadrons. This is their story.

Ken Clark, 9FS Unit Historian, 49FG WWII


The following WW II narrative history is based on original typed pages of notes provided by Ken Clark, 9th Fighter Squadron fighter pilot/flight leader, who had the additional duty of Asst. Squadron Intelligence Officer/Historian the last year of the war with Japan. It is with his permission that I have copied the WWII 9FS Unit History. Much of the original typing was done by D. Tarquinio, Squadron Intelligence  NCO.

[The best source of information about the early war years of the 49th Fighter Group can be found in the book Protect & Avenge.]


Japanese invasions... Countries invaded by Japan



9FS Unit History Monthly Reports

P-40 Warhawks at Darwin 1941 - 1942

9FS equipped with P-38s at New Guinea 1943 - 1

Return of P-47 Thunderbolts plus Huckleberry Duck! 1943 - 2


Patrols and combat missions over Gusap January 1944

Tokyo Rose plus Wewak sweeps February 1944

More Zekes, Oscars & Tonys at Wewak March 1944

9FS last patrols in P-47s April 1944

The move to Hollandia May 1944 - 1

Cleanup at Hollandia May 1944 - 2

Japanese bomb 49FG at Biak June 1944

Inhospitable island of Biak July 1944

Lindbergh teaches P-38 fuel economy August 1944

9FS equipped with new P-38-L's September 1944

Preparing for move to the Philippines October 1944 - 1

D-Day set for Tacloban October 1944 - 2

Japanese continue raids at Tacloban November 1944 - 1

Top scores in PTO for 49FG and 9FS November 1944 - 2

Ace Maj. Bong receives CMO from Gen. MacArthur December 1944


On to Mindoro January 1945

9FS moves to Lingayen Bay February 1945

9FS "paradise" at Lingayen beach camp March 1945

Dive bombing for tactical ground support April 1945 - 1

Dive bombings intensify against Japan April 1945 - 2

Germany surrenders; war against Japan continues May 1945 - 1

Renewed fighter sweeps at Formosa May 1945 - 2

More bombing missions June 1945 - 1

Continued demolitions for ground support June 1945 - 2

New dive bombing techniques plus rocket racks July 1945

Japan surrenders August 1945

49FG in Atsugi at end of war September 1945


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